Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Baseline characteristics and surgical procedures

Variable Ibuprofen group (n = 77) Ketorolac group (n = 86) p-value
Sex
Male 36 (46.8) 42 (48.8) 0.790
Female 41 (53.2) 44 (51.2)
Age (yr) 51.2 ± 12.6 53.8 ± 14.4 0.214
ASA score
< 3 58 (75.3) 57 (66.3) 0.448
≥ 3 19 (24.7) 29 (33.7)
Body mass index (kg/m2) 24.1 ± 4.5 24.4 ± 3.5 0.573
No. of patients with abdominal pain 16 (23.5) 14 (16.3) 0.681
Preoperative pain score using VAS 1.40 ± 0.51 1.46 ± 0.52 0.754
Preoperative laboratory findings
Preoperative WBC count (/mm3) 6,991.2 ± 2,495.1 6,895.5 ± 3,068.0 0.828
Preoperative percentage of neutrophil (%) 57.2 ± 11.5 56.7 ± 11.0 0.768
Surgical procedures
Emergency 8 (10.4) 11 (12.8) 0.808
Operation time (min) 50.9 ± 22.5 50.7 ± 23.9 0.940
Estimated blood loss (mL) 3.6 ± 20.6 3.6 ± 20.0 0.992
Perforation of gallbladder 7 (9.1) 12 (14.0) 0.464
Drain insertion 0 (0) 1 (1.2) > 0.999
Clinical outcomes
Postoperative CRP (mg/L) 28.0 ± 53.3 24.1 ± 38.4 0.590
Postoperaitve WBC count (/mm3) 8,997.2 ± 3,414.5 8,682.1 ± 2,844.9 0.521
Postoperative percentage of neutrophil (%) 71.0 ± 10.2 76.7 ± 66.6 0.457
Length of postoperative hospital stay (day) 1.4 ± 0.5 1.4 ± 0.9 0.783
Postoperative complication 0 (0) 0 (0) NA

Values are presented as number (%) or mean ± standard deviation.

ASA, American society of anesthesiologists; VAS, visual analogue scale; WBC, white blood cell; CRP, C-reacitve protein; NA, not available.

Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2022;26:251-6 https://doi.org/10.14701/ahbps.21-151
© 2022 Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg