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Residual gall bladder: An emerging disease after safe cholecystectomy
Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2019 Nov;23(4):353-8
Published online November 30, 2019;  https://doi.org/10.14701/ahbps.2019.23.4.353
Copyright © 2019 Korean Association of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery.

Vikas Gupta1, Anil Kumar Sharma1, Pradeep Kumar1, Mantavya Gupta2, Ajay Gulati3, Saroj Kant Sinha4, and Rakesh Kochhar4

1Department of General Surgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, 2Government Medical College, Departments of 3Radiodiagnosis and 4Gastroenterology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
Received February 25, 2019; Revised May 29, 2019; Accepted May 30, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
Backgrounds/Aims: Residual gallbladder mucosa left after subtotal/partial cholecystectomy is prone to develop recurrent lithiasis and become symptomatic, which mandates surgical removal.
Methods: we retrospectively evaluated the patients with residual gallbladder referred to us from January 2011 to December 2017. Based on MRCP we classified calot’s anatomy to – type I where cystic duct was seen and type II where sessile GB stump was seen.
Results: 21 patients with median age 38 years and M:F::1:9.5, had undergone cholecystectomy (3 months-20 years) prior, presented with recurrent biliary pain. 3 had jaundice (CBD stone, Mirizzi and biliary stricture), 1 had pancreatitis and one had malignancy of the GB. Imaging revealed type I anatomy in 14 (67%) and type II in 7 (33%). All underwent completion cholecystectomy – open in 18 and laparoscopic in 3 (one converted to open). Additional procedure was required in 5 patients – CBD exploration in 2 (10%) and one each Hepatico-jejunostomy, extended cholecystectomy and splenectomy. Median hospital stay was 1 day. There was no mortality and 10% morbidity. One patient with malignancy died at 2 years, two died of unrelated cause, one developed incisional hernia and the remaining were well at a median follow up of 29 months.
Conclusions: Residual GB lithiasis should be suspected if there are recurrent symptoms after cholecystectomy. MRCP based proposed classification can guide the management strategy. Completion cholecystectomy is curative.
Keywords : Gall bladder; Cholecystectomy; Residual; Cystic duct; Remnant; Recurrent

 

November 2019, 23 (4)