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Acalculous cholecystitis associated with Hantaan virus: A case report
Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2019 Aug;23(3):278-81
Published online August 31, 2019;  https://doi.org/10.14701/ahbps.2019.23.3.278
Copyright © 2019 Korean Association of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery.

Sung Hyun Kim, Sejin Park, and Jangkyu Choi

Department of Surgery, Armed Forces Capital Hospital, Seongnam, Korea
Received March 29, 2019; Accepted March 29, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) still remains one of the most elusive diagnoses and occurs in various conditions. Although AACs caused by viral infections are rare, various viruses have been revealed to cause AAC. Here we present a case in which a man suffered from AAC caused by a Hantaan virus infection. A 35-year-old man was referred to the emergency room for myalgia and fever that began 4 days ago. He suffered oliguria and abdominal pain for 2 days. At the time of his visit to the emergency room, he experienced a fever that spiked up to 38.3°C. An initial blood sample objectified the following pathologic results: white blood cells - 10260/µl; C-reactive protein – 6.76 mg/dl; total bilirubin – 1.7 mg/dl; AST – 90 IU/L; ALT – 233 IU/L. In the computed tomography, bilateral perirenal fluid collections and bilateral flexural effusion were shown and acute hepatopathy and cholecystopathy were also shown. Because there was no definite tenderness around the patient’s right upper quadrant from physical examination and his cholecystopathy looked like it was from secondary change according to acute hepatopathy, we decided to perform conservative care without surgical treatment. The following day, in viral antibody test, Hantaan virus antibody was detected. After conservative management, the patient’s condition improved and his laboratory findings were stable. The patient was discharged on the 10th day at the hospital stay without any symptoms. The Hantaan virus infection should be suspected as a causative agent of AAC, especially when there is abnormal liver function tests and abdominal pain.
Keywords : Cholecystitis; Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome; Hantavirus; Hantaan virus; Conservative care

 

August 2019, 23 (3)