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Are traditional scoring systems for severity stratification of acute pancreatitis sufficient?
Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2018 May;22(2):105-15
Published online May 31, 2018
Copyright © 2018 Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg.

Thaddaeus Tan Jun Kiat1, Sivaraj K Gunasekaran2, Sameer P Junnarkar2, Jee Keem Low2, Winston Woon2, and Vishal G Shelat2

1Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, 2Department of General Surgery, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
Received December 18, 2017; Revised February 7, 2018; Accepted February 8, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
Backgrounds/Aims: Ranson’sscore (RS) and Glasgow score (GS) have been utilized to stratify the severity of acute pancreatitis (AP). The aim of this study was to validate RS and GS for stratifying the severity of acute pancreatitis and audit our experience of managing AP. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of patients treated for AP from July 2009 to September 2016. Final severity was determined using the revised Atlanta classification. Mortality and complications were analyzed. Results: From July 2009 to September 2016, a total of 675 patients with a diagnosis of AP were admitted at the hospital. Of them, 669 patients who had sufficient data were analyzed. Their average age±SD was 58.7±17.4 years (range, 21-98 years). There was a male preponderance (n=393, 53.8%). A total of 82 (12.3%) patients had eventual severe pancreatitis. RS demonstrated a sensitivity of 92.7% and a specificity of 52.8% with a positive predictive value (PPV) of 21.5% and a negative predictive value (NPV) of 98.1%. GS demonstrated a sensitivity of 76.8% and a specificity of 69.2% with a PPV of 25.8% and a NPV of 95.5%. For severity prediction, areas under the curve (AUCs) for RS and GS were 0.848 (95% CI: 0.819-0.875) and 0.784 (95% CI: 0.750-0.814), respectively (p=0.003). Twelve (1.6%) patients died in the hospital. Conclusions: RS has higher sensitivity, NPV and AUC for predicting severity of AP than GS. (Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2018;22:105-115)
Keywords : Glasgow score; Ranson score; Scoring; Severe acute pancreatitis