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Extracapsular excision of hepatic hemangioma: A single centre experience
Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2018 May;22(2):101-4
Published online May 31, 2018
Copyright © 2018 Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg.

Amol Kanetkar, Shubham Garg, Shraddha Patkar, Rajesh S Shinde, and Mahesh Goel

Department of Gastrointestinal and Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgical Oncology, Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, India
Received November 26, 2017; Revised February 6, 2018; Accepted February 6, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Backgrounds/Aims: Hepatic hemangioma is a common non-epithelial neoplasm of the liver. Presence of symptoms and uncertainty in diagnosis are the most common indications for surgery. Methods: Eighteen patients with hepatic hemangioma, operated on from January 2011 to December 2016 at the Hepato-pancreato-biliary surgical unit of Tata Memorial Hospital, were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Main indications for operation were presence of symptoms, the most common being pain and diagnostic uncertainty. The median size of hemangioma was 9.9 cm (range 3.2 to 24 cm). All patients underwent extra-capsular excision of hemangioma. The median operating time was 180 minutes (range 75 to 460 minutes) and median blood loss was 950 ml (range 100 to 3,500 ml). Median post-operative stay was 5.5 days (range 3 to 10 days). One (5.6%) patient required re-exploration for post-operative hemorrhage, Clavien Dindo (CD) grade IIIb, and one (5.6%) had postoperative purulent intra-abdominal collection requiring percutaneous cutaneous drainage CD grade IIIa. There was no postoperative mortality. Postoperative day 3 liver function tests were within normal limits. Size of the tumor did not correlate significantly with postoperative complications (p=0.135). Conclusions: Surgical treatment of hemangioma should be guided by presence of symptoms or by the presence of diagnostic uncertainty, not by size alone. The size had no correlation with perioperative complications. The technique of extra-capsular excision is safe and technically feasible in most of the hemangiomas. This technique preserves max-imum liver parenchyma, resulting in early postoperative recovery with minimal morbidity. (Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2018;22:101-104)
Keywords : Hemangioma; Extra capsular excision


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