Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery

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Fig. 1.

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Fig. 1. The preoperative finding of Case No. 1. Computed tomo-graphy (CT) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreato-graphy (ERCP) taken 7 years before surgery (A, B) show marked dilatation of the com-mon bile duct with the patulous sphincter. CT scan and ERCP taken 1 month before surgery (C, D) show further dilatation of the common bile duct filled with air and sludges, indicating reflux ascending cholangitis. The spine was externally fixed 11 years before due to spine fracture.
Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2021;25:259-64 https://doi.org/10.14701/ahbps.2021.25.2.259
© 2021 Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg