Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery

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Table. 2.

Table. 2.

Comparison of postoperative outcomes between DM and non DM

Variables DM (31) Non DM (110) Total (141) p-value
DGE 11 (35.5%) 35 (31.8%) 46 (32.6%) 0.70
Grade A 3 (9.7%) 15 (13.6%) 18 (12.8%) 0.71
Grade B 6 (19.4%) 13 (11.8%) 19 (13.5%)
Grade C 2 (6.5%) 8 (7.3%) 10 (7.1%)
POPF 9 (29.0%) 28 (25.5%) 37 (26.2%) 0.68
Grade A 4 (12.9%) 12 (10.9%) 16 (11.3%) 0.4
Grade B 5 (16.1%) 10 (9.1%) 15 (10.6%)
Grade C 0 6 (5.5%) 6 (4.3%)
Hemorrhage 3 (9.7%) 3 (2.7%) 6 (4.3%) 0.09
Surgical site infection 9 (29.0%) 23 (20.9%) 32 (22.7%) 0.34
Intraabdominal abscess 4 (12.9%) 11 (10.0%) 15 (10.6%) 0.14
Cholangitis 1 (3.2%) 7 (6.4%) 8 (5.7%) 0.5
Pneumonia 0 2 (1.8%) 2 (1.4%) 1.0
Bile leak 2 (6.5%) 2 (1.8%) 4 (2.8%) 0.17
Median hospital stay (range) 13.0 (6-46) 11.0 (6-45) 11.0 (6-46) 0.30
Morbidity (Clavien-Dindo grade)
<III 27 (87.1%) 91 (82.7%) 118 (83.7%) 0.56
≥III 4 (12.9%) 19 (17.3%) 23 (16.3%)
Hospital mortality 0 2 (1.8%) 2 (1.4%) 0.45
90 days mortality 1 (3.2%) 2 (1.8%) 3 (2.12%) 0.63

DM, diabetes mellitus; Non DM, non diabetes mellitus; DGE, delayed gastric emptying; POPF, postoperative pancreatic fistula

Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2021;25:230-41 https://doi.org/10.14701/ahbps.2021.25.2.230
© 2021 Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg