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General Information

Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery publishes original basic and clinical research on diseases of the liver, biliary system and pancreas. Manuscripts should be submitted electronically ( The journal is published in English. These guidelines are in accordance with the “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals,” published by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors at This journal is published four times a year and the publication dates are the last day of the month of February, May, August, and November of each year. All submitted articles are peer-reviewed by three members of the Editorial Committee which determines acceptance of the articles. Publication guidelines not stated here follow the general principles.

The Editorial Office,
Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
Department of Surgery, Asan Medical Center, 388-1 Poongnap-dong, Songpa-gu, 138-736 Seoul, Korea
Tel: +82-2-3010-3510, Fax: +82-2-3010-6701

Type of Manuscripts

Contributions may be submitted as original articles, How-I-Do-It technical reports, case reports, review articles and editorials. How-I-Do-It technical reports cover the surgical techniques of major concerns on hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery. Review articles and editorials are invited by the editorial board. However, authors who are interested in contributing reviews are requested to first contact the Editor-in-Chief with an outline of the proposed article.

Ethical Conduct of the Study and the Report

All investigations involving human participants must be conducted according to the ethical guidelines of the 1975 Declaration of Helsinki, and be approved by the institutional review board. For studies involving animal experimentation, author(s) must provide assurance that all the animals received humane care according to the criteria outlined in the NIH "Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals". The author must state that the use of animals (means all mammals and birds) in the manuscript was approved by the institutional Animal Ethical Committee (AEC) in accordance to the article 14th of Korean Animal Protection Law, or equivalent, in the paper. It must be clearly stated that animal use has complied to the article 13th of Korean Animal Protection Law (The principles of animal use) and the relevant institutional polices in the manuscript. Copies of the protocol approved by institutional AEC or equivalents, must be available for review by the editor if necessary.
The corresponding author must give written assurance that neither the submitted material nor portions thereof have been published previously or are under consideration for publication elsewhere. Any material that could constitute prior or concurrent publication of similar data by any one of the authors should be submitted with the manuscript. It is assumed that the corresponding author speaks for his or her co-authors and certifies that all the listed authors meaningfully participated in the study and that they have seen and approved the final manuscript.
Authors should acknowledge any commercial affiliation or consultancy that could be constructed as potential conflicts of interest under a heading “Conflict of Interest statement” prior to the references.
For the policies on the research and publication ethics not stated in this instruction, ‘Good Publication Practice Guidelines for Medical Journals (’ or ‘Guidelines on good publication (’ can be applied.

Organization of the Manuscript

Original article must arranged as follows: (1) title page (2) abstract (250 words or less with a list of 5 or less key words), (3) introduction, (4) materials and methods (or patients and methods), (5) results, (6) discussion, (7) acknowledgements, (8) conflict of interest statement, (9) references, (10) tables, (11) figure legends, and (12) figures on separate pages.
How-I-Do-It technical reports consist of (1) title page, (2) abstract (200 words or less with a list of 5 or less key words), (3) introduction, (4) description of surgical techniques, (5) discussion, (6) references, (7) tables and figure legends and (8) figures on separate pages.
Case reports consist of (1) title page, (2) abstract (200 words or less with a list of 5 or less key words), (3) introduction, (4) cases, (5) discussion, (6) references (20 or less), (7) tables and figure legends and (8) figures on separate pages.
The manuscript should be written in English in principle, but may also be submitted in Korean. The manuscript in Korean will be translated into in English after acceptance by the Editorial Committee. Manuscript should be prepared using a word processor (MS word or Hangeul) double-spaced in 10-point font on A4 paper.

  1. Title page
  Provide a concise title. List the full names of all authors and their institutional affiliation. In a multi-authored work involving more than a single institution, indicate individual affiliation by means of superscript Arabic numbers. Indicate a change of address in a similar fashion. List the footnotes to the title page. Provide the contact information for the corresponding author (name, address, telephone number, fax number and e-mail address), and running title. Information on the research funding sources should be provided. All abbreviations should be explained in this page (e.g. BDR, bile duct resection; ICG, indocyanine green).
  2. Abstract
  Abstract of original articles must contain 250 words or less and must be organized as follows: Backgrounds/Aims, Methods, Results, and Conclusions. Five or less key words from MeSH terms ( should be provided at the end of the abstract.
Abstracts of How-I-Do-It technical reports and case reports must contain 200 words or less in unstructured form. All abstracts should be written in English.
Key words up to five words are provided according to the MeSH terminology ( at the bottom of abstract.
  3. Introduction
    Provide the minimum background information that will orient the general reader. Do not engage in a literature review.
  4. Methods
  Provide a level of detail such that another investigator could repeat the work. For methods that are used without significant modification, citation of the original work will suffice. Identify and provide references for all the statistical methods used.
  5. Results and discussion
  Present the major findings of the study in graphical form if practicable. Do not illustrate minor details if their message is adequately conveyed by simple descriptive text. Mention all the tables and figures. In the discussion, concisely present the implications of the new findings for the field as a whole, minimizing any reiteration of the results and avoid repetition of material in the introduction; keeping a close focus on the specific topic of the paper.
  6. Acknowledgements
  An acknowledgement of persons who made a genuine assistance and provided special reagents may be included. Grant and financial support related with the work should be specifically stated.
  7. References
  References should be numbered in the order they are cited, and the number of reference should be marked in the text by means of a superscript Arabic numerical. Only literature that is published or in press (with the name of the publication) should be numbered and listed. Cite the names of first six authors followed by et al when there are seven or more. Abbreviation of the journal titles should be conform to those used in the Index Medicus.
  Articles in journals
Seo SI, Hwang S, Lee YJ, Kim KH, Ahn CS, Moon DB, et al. Comparison of survival outcomes following segmental bile duct resection versus pancreatoduodenectomy for mid bile duct cancer. Korean J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2011;15:42-49.
  Book chapters
Gumucio JJ, Berkowitz CM. Structural organization of the liver and function of the hepatic acinus. In: Kaplowitz N, ed. Liver and Biliary Diseases. Vol I. 2nd ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1992:2-17.
  8. Permissions
  Direct quotations, tables or illustrations taken from copy-righted material must be accompanied by written permission for their use fro the publisher. The permission is presented as a footnote or addition to the legend and it must provide complete information as to the source. Photographs of identifiable persons must be accompanied by a signed release that indicates their informed consent.
  9. Abbreviations
  Standard abbreviations not requiring definition are those listed in the Journal of Clinical Investigation. Otherwise, do not abbreviate unless a term is used more than five times in a paper. In this case, the abbreviation should be spelled out, in its first use in the text with the abbreviated form in parentheses, and it should also be listed on the footnote page. Abbreviations used in figures or tables should be defined in the legend.
  10. Drug and equipment names
  Use generic drug names. The proprietary name may be mentioned in parenthesis. The names and locations (city and state or country) of manufacturers should be included in parentheses when mentioning proprietary drugs, tools, instruments, software, etc.
  11. Tables
  Prepare tables on individual sheets of paper, double spaced and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals in the order of their appearance in the text. The title of tables should be written concisely in clauses and phrases. The first letter of the table title starts with a capital letter. Explain all abbreviations and symbols such as *, , , §, , **, ††, ‡‡, §§ are used. Do not duplicate the material presented in a figure.
  12. Figure legends
  Number the figures with Arabic numerals in the order they are mentioned in the text. Provide a title (this should not appear on the figure itself) and sufficient explanation to render the figure intelligible without reference to the text. For any copyrighted material, indicate that permission has been obtained. Figure legends should be typed consecutively on a separate sheet of paper.
  13. Figures
  Illustrations should be sharp and presented in the TIF, BMP or PPT format at the time of submission. Figures should be supplied in the TIF or BMP format at a final resolution of not less than 300 dpi. Do not use JPG format for clear printing, except for very large-sized images. Each figure should be less than 10 MB in size for electronic upload. Please contact to the Editorial Office when very large files are submitted. Microscopic pictures should be explained according to the staining method and scaled by the power of magnification (e.g., H&E stain, x 400). Authors are charged for color figures.

Peer Review and Publishing

The journal utilizes anonymous peer-review in evaluating manuscripts for publication. Submitted papers will be reviewed by three referees (at least two), and decisions will be available within two months. With respect to the revision and resubmission of manuscripts, it is the journal's policy to allow a couple of resubmission only, which should be received within 3 months from the time of receipt of the initial review letter. In general, a manuscript requiring more than a couple of revision or returned beyond 3 months will be handled as a new submission. Authors are charged for their original articles, How-I-Do-It technical reports and case reports.

Copyright Transfer

Copyright for all material published in Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery is vested in The Korean Association of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery. In accordance with the Copyright Act, all manuscripts must be accompanied by a copyright transfer form signed by all authors and that follows these guidelines. Statements and opinions expressed in the articles and communications in Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Editor or publisher, and the Editor and publisher disclaim any responsibility or liability for such material.

August 2018, 22 (3)